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Why Should One Visit Mwea National Reserve

Why Should One Visit Mwea National Reserve

The Mwea National Reserve is one of the many reserves in Kenya found within the Eastern Province. This reserve is located within Mbeere district which grants the Mbeere county council to co-manage the reserve together with the Kenya national Reserve. In Kenya, Mwea region is the host of the largest rice growing irrigation scheme by the name of Mwea Tebere.

The rice from these scheme and other small scale farmers not only serves their needs but also serves the needs of rice for the entire country. You don’t have to miss this wonderful and exciting moment of planting or reaping the rice from its flooded docks. The Mwea National Reserve was gazette as early as 1976 and is found at the confluence of the Tana and Thiba Rivers which are also found in the eastern province as well.

In addition, the Mwea National Reserve is also a host of two islands which are found within Kamburu dam which was also established in 1976. The Mwea National Reserve is located to the North West part of this dam. In order to solicit funds to develop the Mwea National Reserve, a Mwea National Reserve Trust was formed in 1991 and this together with the efforts of the KWS has seen the reserve grow to greater heights up to what it is today.

Just within the vicinity of the Mwea National Reserve are settlements known as Makima settlements and which were established in 1914. For this reason, there is always conflict between wild animals in the Mwea National Reserve and human activities which have prompted the installation of an electric fence to form the Mwea National Reserve’ s north boundary while the Tana River forms the southern boundary and Thiba river on the east.

Being an area of heavy clay soils to facilitate the growth of rice, the Mwea National Reserve is considered a heavy breeding ground for tsetse flies which are both a nuisance to the human around as well as livestock as well. The major attraction to the reserve includes the several dams which are either found within or without the reserve confinement.

One such dam is the Kamburu dam which was established in 1976, masinga, Gitaru, Kindaruma and Kiambere dam. These dams are not only a tourist attraction but also an important part of the nation of Kenya since they are used for the generation of hydro electric power. Other attractions include falls along the Tana River which include Mutonga Falls, Usueni Fall, Adamson Falls, and the Kora falls. These falls also offer beautiful scenario for campsite and picnics as well as sandy and stony beaches about four kilometers long and hippo points. Apart from these natural and man made attractions, the Mwea National Reserve is characterized by a variety of game within the park. The best and most outstanding ones are the approximately 150 different species of birds. Others include reptiles like snakes and lizards.

Outstanding game within the Mwea National Reserve include the Dik-dik, giraffe, elephant, ground squirrel, Cape hare, lesser kudu, yellow baboons, Buffalo, water buck, grant gazelles, Impala, duiker, Sykes monkey and tortoise among others. With all these attractions and many more to consider, failing to visit the Mwea National Reserve is losing one great opportunity of a life time and one which can never be replaced by any other in a lifetime.

Why should one Visit Arewale National Reserve

Why should one Visit Arewale National Reserve

One should visit Arewale National Reserve because it is one of the most unique tourist destinations in Kenya. The reserve is found in the north Eastern part of the country and is under the management of the Garissa County with the help of the Kenya Wildlife Service.

Arewale National Reserve is situated in the Southern part of Garissa town and covers a total are of about 533 square kilometers. The Western part of Arewale National Reserve is bordered by the River Tana while to the Eastern side is the Garissa-Lamu road.

Arewale National Reserve was gazetted in the year 1974 as the only conservatory place for the Hirola population that is critically extinct and a mainly endemic to the South-Western part of Somalia and the North Eastern part of Kenya.

Another great reason why one should visit Arewale National Reserve is the wide range of wildlife that the reserve hosts. There is a wide range of wildlife species such as the four species of wildlife that are globally endangered. These are theAfrican Wild dog, Hirola, Cheetah and the Grevy’s Zebra. This alone is a reason enough for one to consider visiting the reserve.

According to a study that was commissioned in the year 2006 by the Terra Nova, Arewale National Reserve showed signs of hosting the African Elephant. Another species that one is likely to see at the reserve is the Hunter’s hartebeest, an antelope that is closely related to the Topi. This antelope is also referred to as the Hirola, and is the most endangered antelope across the globe.

The reduction of this species is accounted for by increased drought, poaching, human and livestock pressures as well as wildlife diseases. Other additional species that the Arewale National Reserve hosts include African Buffalos, Crocodiles, Hippos, Lesser Kudus, Zebras, Topi, Elephants and the African Buffalos.

Being located in the North Eastern part of the country, the climate experienced at Arewale National Reserve is dry. Visitors should therefore dress in clothing suitable for dry and hot weather during the day and slightly cold conditions at night. The landscape surrounding the reserve is mainly dry thorn-bush savanna. Additionally, there are no accommodations inside Arewale National Reserve. This implies that the reserve has neither tented camps nor lodges.

The closest hotels are located to Garissa in the Northern side and Garsen, in the southern part of the reserve. It is however important to keep in mind that both towns are far away from Arewale National Reserve. This means that the most recommendable option for tourists is camping. The reserve has a landscape that is suitable for camping. It is also advisable for visitors to use four-wheel drive, owed to the fact that the roads of Arewale National Reserve are close to non-existence.

Getting to the reserve is quite easy because it is located in the Northern shore of the River Tana. This is about forty kilometers or twenty five miles upstream from the Tana River Primate National Reserve, which is located in the Eastern part of Kenya. Arewale National Reserve lies in the county of Garissa at the North Eastern province of Kenya near the Somali border. Hence, this should make it much easy for visitors to get the right direction to the reserve. From the above discussion, it is clear that there are so many reasons why one should choose to visit Arewale National Reserve at the North Eastern part of Kenya.


Why should one visit Boni National Reserve

Why should one visit Boni National Reserve

The Boni National Reserve is national reserve used for conservation. Boni National Reserve is found in the North Eastern Province in Ijara district. The reserve covers an area of almost 1339 km2. The park was established in 1976 as a sanctuary for elephants in Ijara District, Lamu District and Somalia. There are various reasons why one should visit Boni National Reserve. First, Boni National Reserve is home to a wide range of wild life that tourists can see.

Tourists should visit Boni National Reserve to see some of the big fives. For instance, tourists are able to see elephants when they visit the park. Apart from the big five, there are other animals that tourists can see like buffalo, giraffe and ropi. Other animals are gerenuk and duiker. The common Duiker also   known as Bush Duiker is a major tourist attraction feature in Boni National Reserve. Bush Duiker is a small antelope that has small horns.

Bush duiker is found in West Africa, central Africa, East Africa and Southern Africa. They are found everywhere in South Africa   expect in the horn of Africa and the rainforests in Central and western parts of Africa. The Bush Duiker is mostly found in habitats that have adequate vegetation cover. The vegetation cover allows the Bush Duiker to hide.

Tourists should visit Boni National Reserve to see the various species of Bush Duiker and how they are adaptable to the harsh weather in North Eastern Province. The two main species of Bush Duiker are Harvey’s and Ader’s. There are also hippos, bush pigs and waterbuck in Boni National Reserve.

Second, Boni National Reserve offers beautiful and lush scenery and hence the reason people should visit the reserve. The best places to see the wild animals are on the rainforests and grassland. The Boni forest is found in Boni National Reserve. Boni forest is an indigenous open canopy forest and a costal forest mosaic found in Northern   parts of Zanzibar. Boni forest is the only costal lowland groundwater forest in the country.

Boni National reserve has low land dry bush and grasslands on the dry parts of the reserve. Boni National Reserve was developed as a sanctuary for elephants as stated earlier. Tourists should visit the park during the dry season if they want to some of the big five. This is because the reserve has the largest number of elephants during the dry season. As part of costal forests in East Africa, Boni forest holds various species of birds.

Tourists should take bird safari to Boni national Reserve to see various types of birds as the reserve is home to some of the threatened bird species in the world… Though the reserve is mostly hot and dry, the wetlands offer a vast range of water birds and prey birds. Examples of birds found in the reserve are sokoke pip, brown –hooeded kingfisher and brown breasted barbet. Other bird species include carmine, European bee eater, honey bizzard and palm nut vulture.

Tourists can also spot the southern banded harrier eagle and violet breasted sunbird. Third, tourists should visit Boni National Reserve to see the excellent vegetation cover. The reserve has an excellent vegetation cover. The reserve harbors a large number of pant species in the world and it has been named a biodiversity hotspot.    



Why Should One Visit Kerio Valley National Reserve

Why Should One Visit Kerio Valley National Reserve

Kerio Valley National Reserve is found in Kerio valley. Kerio valley National Reserve was founded in 1983. The reserve covers an area of almost 66 square kilometers. Kerio valley is 4000 feet deep and has tropical vegetation on the slopes and dry thorn bushes at the base.

There are numerous reasons why people should visit Kerio Valley national Reserve. First, Kerio Valley National Reserve offers impressive views and this has led to large number of people visiting the area. Like other national parks and reserves in the country, Kerio Valley National Reserve hosts a vast range of wild animals. The main attractions in Kerio Valley National Reserve are crocodiles and some of the big five.  

Kerio valley National Reserve has a large number of elephants, leopards and buffaloes that can be sighted when one visits the park. There are other animals that can be sighted like waterbuck, bush back, yellow baboon and warthog. Other animals that tourists are likely to see when they visit Kerio Valley National Reserve are impala, civet, genet and serial hyena and striped hyenas.

Second, tourists should visit Kerio Valley National Reserve to see the rich variety of reptiles and invertebrates. The reserve has different kinds of reptiles and invertebrates that tourists can view. Moreover, Kerio Valley National Reserve provides a rich diversity of birds. There are different species of birds that are found in the reserve like pelican and little grebe.

The little grebe is a kind of water bird that has a pointed bill. The birds are of different colors. The adults are dark and have a rufuous neck and flanks. The also have yellow gape. Non breeding birds and young birds are dirty brown grey in color.

Third, Kerio Valley National Reserve is a natural tourist attraction. Tourists can visit Kerio Valley National Reserve to view the Kerio Valley. Viewing of the valley is incredible. At the edge of the large Kerio Valley, tourists are able to take some of the amazing views, downward the valley walls to the floor of the Great Rift Valley.

Tourists are able to see the beautiful Torok Falls and the Chebloch Gorge. In addition, tourists are able to see the plains of the Rimoi Reserve which is important for migration of elephants. Moreover, tourists are able to visit the elevated ends of Kerio Valley in Tugen Hills in Kipsaraman. Kerio Valley National reserve has a museum where tourists can visit anytime. The museum is located at Tugen Hills in Kipsaraman. The museum houses various display on biodiversity and preservation of animals and plants. Also, the museum has human fossil exhibits. The museum houses a charming exhibit on the historical origin of the mythological creature, the Nandi Bear.

Apart from the exhibits in the museum, there are other attractions in the reserve that tourists visiting the reserve can see. The exciting location of the museum acts as a tourist attraction. The museum is located at the edge of a steep drop where people can see the Great Rift Valley and Lake Baringo. Tourists are also welcomed by traditional dances and songs played by the local residents. The beautiful landscape and the rich culture in Kerio Valley National Reserve and surrounding community is a good reason why tourists should visit the reserve.

Why Should One Visit Shaba National Reserve

Why Should One Visit Shaba National Reserve

Shaba National Reserve took its name from Mount Shaba a dormant volcanic mountain which is found at the border of the park. Shaba national reserve was founded in 1968 and neighbors Samburu National Reserve. The presence of abridge across the Ewaso Ngiro river connects the two national reserves together.

An indicator of how wild the Shaba National Reserve is the fact that the park was selected to be home for contestants of the ‘Survivor Series- Africa’

The Shaba national reserve is similar to Samburu National Reserve. It has several riverines making it greener than the surrounding parks. It has vegetation such as acacia trees, doum palms and scenic green landscape.

Samburu national reserve is approximately 314 kilometers from Nairobi, the capital city of Kenya. Accessing the park is therefore possible by road or by air. By road tourists can get to the park in five hours. Tourist that desire for a memorable road trip should therefore try getting to Shaba National Reserve by road. If however, you are not into long distance road trips there is an airstrip at the park which means that tourist can fly in and out of the park.

Though Shaba national reserve is located in a semi region area it has springs and riverines that ensure that the abundant wildlife is supported with adequate water. Shaba national reserve has tracks of rugged terrain and isolated hills making the land scenic and majestic.

Shaba national reserve is also a preferred location to visit due to presence of adequate and high class in accommodation. Tourists can therefore plan to visit and stay at the park for a few days. A simple hone calls for reservations will guarantee the tourist of a comfortable and enjoyable stay. One of the most renowned lodges is the Sarova Shaba Lodge. The lodge is fully furnished with deluxe room’s suites as well as the presidential suite.

The luxury offered in the lodge is a sharp contrast to the natural wild that is right outside. Campers can also enjoy the opportunity to spend the night out in the jungle. Camping spots such as the Joy camp are strategically located so as to allow the tourist to comfortably interact with the animals as they visit their watering holes.

Wildlife is another reason why the Shaba national Reserve is the ultimate tourist destination. A wide variety of animals such as the elephants, lions, cheetahs, zebras, giraffes, buffalos, Oryx, dikdiks and the waterbucks can be seen at the park. This is commonly in the morning and the afternoon when the temperatures and the scotching sun have gone down. It is also common to see the animals at the springs and the watering holes when they arrive to drink water.

The different landscapes in the park mean that tourist can view different animals depending on the location in the park. The northern side of Shaba National Reserve has the Ewaso Ngiro River, the Chanler Falls and the Lorian swamp which makes it a favorable site to see animals such as zebras and the elephants. The other side of the park contrast with the presence of a rugged terrain which makes its difficult to trace most animals.

Generally though, the road is rugged and tourists should visit the park and use tough vehicles such as the four wheel drive. Shaba national Reserve ids an experience of the jungle untamed. The occurrence of rain may render the road within the park inaccessible making the tour more adventurous and thrilling.

Visit Shaba National Reserve today and enjoy nature and the beauty of the wild.

Why Should One Visit Kitui National Reserve

Why Should One Visit Kitui National Reserve

There are so many national reserves and parks in Kenya that are worth visiting. Among the key reserves is the Kitui National Reserve which covers a total area of about 1900 square kilometers. The reserve is a home to a wide range of wild animal species including predators such as the cheetah, leopard and lion. Other wild animals in Kitui National Reserve include giraffe, hippos, black rhino, oryx, Lesser Kudu, yellow baboon, zebra, gemsbok, gerenuk, Coke’s hartebeest and gazelle. There is also a wide range of species of birdlife that are worth viewing. The landscape and flora of Kitui National Reserve is characterized by acacia woodlands, bushy grasslands, ivory palm, dotted baobab and saltbush.

With respect to its location, Kitui National Reserve is located in the Southern part of Kitui district in the Eastern province of Kenya. The reserve extends to the Northern side at the Tsavo East National Park. This means that majority of the wildlife species found at the Tsavo East National park are also found at the Reserve. However, the wide range species that are hosted at South Kitui National Reserve are far stronger than those at the Northern part of the park at the Northern part of Kitui County.

Despite the fact that Kitui National Reserve is a home to different game species and is lose to Nairobi, town, the reserve has been known to attract only a few visitors. The main reason for the few visitors is because of the popularity of the neighboring Amboseli National Park and the Tsavo National Park. This means that visitors prefer visiting the two parks in comparison to Kitui National Reserve.

Kitui National Reserve should definitely be considered as a major tourist destination because of its serene landscape and intriguing scenery. The neighboring Umbi Hills and Kiothiwa hills serve in proving a pristine scenery and landscape. Getting to Kitui National Reserve is quite easy. However, visitors should keep in mid the fact that the roads to the reserve can be quite rough especially in the reserve and around the reserve.

Approaches to Kitui National Reserve can either be from the Eastern or Western parts. There is a road of 373 kilometers from the Arewale National Reserve on the shores of River Tana. This road runs west of the South Kitui country through the villages of Kakya and Mutiboko. Visitors are advised to use a four-wheel drive vehicle when getting to Kitui National Reserve because the main road used to get there is in a rough shape. From the capital city, Nairobi, one should travel to Kitui town using the A3 Main road. This should be followed by taking the Garissa road and the Southwards along the B7 road.

An alternative is to get to Kitui National Reserve through Machakos town along the A109 main Nairobi-Mombasa road followed by moving along the C97 road. From the town of Kitui, visitors should travel southwards for 70kilometers along the B7 road to Mutomo town and then turn eastwards on a decent road that lead to Mutha junction on the D507 Road. From Mutha, visitors should proceed on a rough road that leads to the entrance of Kitui National Reserve. There is no airstrip located at a close proximity to Kitui National Park. This means that traveling by road is the only option. Kitui National Reserve is definitely a tourist destination that is worth exploring.

Why Should One Visit Malindi National Reserve

Why Should One Visit Malindi National Reserve

Malindi Marine Park and reserve was the first marine protected area in Kenya and it was established in 1968 and designated as a biosphere Reserve under the man and Biosphere Reserve program of UNESCO in 1979. Malindi Marine Park and reserve is the oldest marine park in Africa.

Malindi Marine Park and reserve has a total area of 6km2. It is located in the southern part of Malindi town and it extends to Mida creek. Malindi Marine Park and reserve in next to Gede ruins and the forest of Arabuko Sokoke. Malindi Marine Park and reserve is surrounded by a national reserve and a 100 ft strip of coastal land which starts from Vasco-da-Gama pillar to Watamu.

The reserve covers 213 km2 and it extends three and half nautical miles out to seaward.

The Malindi Marine Park and reserve contain features like being assessed with ease by road, it hosts rich and relatively unaffected marine biodiversity, and it has beautiful beach and warm water which is safe for swimming among other factors so as to attain the above outlined objectives.

Malindi Marine Park and reserve has magnificent resources like fringing reefs, coral gardens in the lagoons, mangroves, sea grass beds, high fish diversity, and marine mammals, like dolphins; shorebirds and turtles.

The main biotopes of Malindi Marine Park and reserve comprise of fringing and patch reefs which are distributed on the seaward edge of barracuda channel. These reefs’ structure is influence by the prevailing physical conditions, especially wind and sediments from River Sabaki which runs north of Malindi. The fringing reef is close to shore, 150m or less in some of the areas and it is exposed during low tide, though it gradually drops to a sea grass bed precipitously drops to a deep channel called the barracuda channel.

A small submerged patch reef with the top covered by algae and sides dominated by large heads of Goniastrea retiformis occurs on the eastern edge of the channel. A large patch reef, and a north reef has developed further offshore and this reef is the main focus of much of the tourism activity in the Malindi Marine Park and reserve.

The Malindi Marine Park and reserve reefs are seasonally inundated by waters with silt from River Sabaki. The maximum river discharges happens during the long rainy seasons of April-July and the short rainy seasons of October to December at the coastal region. The Malindi bay waters are colored red at this time and depending on when the winds switch from the Northeast monsoon to the southeast monsoons, the sediment plume may reach as far as Malindi Marine Park and reserve. Sometimes this decreases visibility and the aesthetic quality of the reefs in Malindi Marine Park and reserve.

When one uses road to access the Malindi Marine Park and reserve, it is 118kilometers tarmac road from Mombasa to Malindi town. There is also Malindi Airport near the Malindi Marine Park and reserve.

On visiting the Malindi Marine Park and reserve you will experience green, Olive Ridley, loggerheads and Hawksbill turtles breeds. This is a place you will experience an amazing new world under water. The location is cool with posh accommodation and plenty of pleasing sites to enjoy watching. The security in the area is very high and you will enjoy your tour with maximum security around you.

Why Should One Visit Rahole National Reserve

Why Should One Visit Rahole National Reserve

The Rahole national reserve is situated northeast of Kora National Park. The Rahole national reserve is an enormous stretch of dry thorny bush-land in the Garissa district of North Eastern Province approximately 150km northeast of Mount Kenya.

The Rahole national reserve houses elephants, Grevy’s zebra and beisa oryx. The reserve is located on the North bank of the Tana River at the western extreme North Eastern province. The Rahole national reserve is a vast expanse of unspoiled wilderness and it is only accessible by 4WD vehicles, because there are few tracks and they are far between in the park.

Even at places where there are tracks they are very rough and their condition is generally poor. The Rahole national reserve, just like the Kora National reserve which neighbors it to the south and Bisanadi and Kitui reserves further west, acts as protective areas for animals which migrate from Meru National park. The closest approaches to the reserve are the Rahole national reserve are at the south, near the Tana River.

One of the track leads to north-west from Garissa to the village and Mbalambala on the Tana near the eastern edges of both Kora national park and Rahole national reserve. From the Mbalambala there is a road that heads north into the eastern section of Rahole national reserve. Alternatively, there exists tracks which lead to the western section of the reserve from the town of Garba Tula off the main Isiolo-Wajir road. Again if one wants to arrange a visit one will have to ask for a permit from Kenya Wildlife services headquarters.

The Rahole national reserve offers a wide variety of plains games, hippos, crocodiles and variety of birds. In the area covered by the Rahole national reserve the climate is hot and dry therefore when one plans to visit then they should equip themselves with sunglasses, suns screens and other protective facilities. The area can be accessed in any time of the year due to the relatively good weather condition which allows this.

In this area there are no accommodation facilities therefore when one arranges to visit the area they should be ready to organize for their own outside the Rahole national reserve. Also when accessing the area it is good to note that the area has no airstrip and therefore it one can’t access it by use of air means.

The main activity which can take place in Rahole national reserve is game viewing. Though this becomes a bit hard due to lack of well defined routes it can be accessed by use of a 4WD vehicle. One will enjoy themselves by viewing animals in the reserve which are relatively visible due to the good terrain and the environment which doesn’t have thick forests.

In case of any emergency the reserve is under the management of the Kenya Wildlife Service and they can be of great help to ensure that maximum security is ensured. Due to the hot and dry weather around the area one is advised to carry with themselves water to quench their thirst when need be because the Rahole national reserve doesn’t has facilities like shops and restaurants from where you can purchase these basic needs. Also one should organize to carry with themselves some snacks and food if necessary. Visit the area and you will enjoy yourself to the maximum.

Why Should one Visit Nasalot National Reserve

Why Should one Visit Nasalot National Reserve

There are a wide range of reasons why one should consider visiting Nasalot National Reserve as it will be examined below. Nasalot National Reserve covers a total are of 92 square kilometers. The reserve mostly comprises of plains that are broken up by the intriguing Sekess Hills, which are part of the Cherangani ridges. To the northern part of the reserve is a section of River Turkwel while to the Eastern side is the River Wei Wei.

Nasalot National Reserve lies on either of the two sides of the major highway between the towns of Kitale and Lodwar. Though none of the sides is known to host wildlife, Nasalot National Reserve is dominated by a rugged mountain that goes by a similar name and overlooks the Turkwel George, which is the site of the latest hydroelectric power scheme in Kenya. Tourists should keep in mind that there is no accommodation at Nasalot National Reserve.

Among the key reasons why one should visit Nasalot National Reserve is the significant eco-system comprising of floodplains and river valleys that is intriguing scenery worth viewing. This eco-system supports the evergreen forests that are dominated by acacia and fig trees as well as several forms of sedges and papyrus. There is a wide range of game to view including the giraffe, hippo, elephant, Thompson’s gazelle, Grant, eland, bushbuck, Lesser Kudu, plains zebra and the dik dik.

There are also the predators including the spotted hyena, leopard, lion and the jackal. Additionally, Nasalot National Reserve hosts crocodiles, Velvet Monkeys and the Olive Baboon, which are mainly found in the rivers. The reserve hosts birdlife exceeding 150 species. Despite the fact that there are hardly any roads that get to the reserve, there is a murram airstrip that is located at the two campsites and the Turkwel hydroelectric dam.

Another reason why one should visit Nasalot National Reserve is because the reserve offers a wide range of facilities including picnic sites, camp sites, swimming pools and tennis courts. Hence, visitors are guaranteed maximal fund and enjoyment while at Nasalot National Reserve.

A major activity that one can do while at the reserve is game viewing, owed to the fact that Nasalot National Reserve is a home to a wide array of wildlife species. To get to the park, there is one access road and one airstrip. The admission costs are extremely affordable for both residents and non-residents. The charges for adult non-residents are 20 dollars per head while children are charged 10 dollars.

The serene landscape and scenery at Nasalot National Reserve is a good reason why a visitor should consider touring. The reserve offers a perfect opportunity to break the monotony of staying indoors by offering a wide range of activities such as game viewing and fun activities like playing tennis. Therefore, the time that one spends at Nasalot National Reserve is truly worth it.

It is a unique reserve located in the dry North Eastern part of Kenya, a region that is rarely toured by tourists. It is therefore worth experiencing what the region has in store. Nasalot National Reserve should definitely be included in the summer travel plans. The above discussion proves that the reserve is a place that is worth visiting while in Kenya for both residents and non-residents.


Why You Should Visit Bisanadi National Reserve

Why You Should Visit Bisanadi National Reserve

Bisanadi national reserve acts as a dispersal area for Meru National Park. Bisanadi national reserve

Is part of the Meru, Mwingi, Kora and Bisanadi conservation area; it is adjacent to northeast boundary of Meru, Isiolo district which covers an area of 606 km2. In Bisanadi national reserve the vegetation is mainly thorny bush-land and thicket with combretum which exists in the north and commiphora in the south.

To the west the combretum connects with a terminalia wooded grasslands. There are red flowered parasitic loranthus growing on the acacia reficiens branches along the rivers. There are dense riverine forests of doum palm hyphaene spp and raphia spp at the edges of the water courses.

Some of the riverine swamps have sedges cyprerus sp, nd grasses echinochloa haplacelada and pennisetum mezianum. The dominant grasses on the area are sehima nervosa, chloris roxburghiana and other species of pennisetum. The climate of Bisanadi national reserve is hot and dry and this makes the area to be accessible all year round. The area is at most of times free from interruptions from rain and any form of poor weather. The rains in Bisanadi national reserve come in March through May and November to December.

The average temperatures during the day time ranges between 24 to 300 during the day and 15 to 180 during the night. Though it can be accessed all year round the best time to visit Bisanadi national reserve is probably between January and March and June and October. The Bisanadi national reserve can readily be accessed through roads through the Meru National Park by use if the Murera gate.

The Bisanadi national reserve presently does not have fully established accommodation facilities. Therefore visitors in this area can use the adjacent Meru National Park where there are various options of accommodation.

In the Bisanadi national reserve the common activities which can take place include bird watching, game viewing and fishing in River Tana.

In an individual choose to visit Meru National Park they are fortunate since it is a real lonely wilderness and this is where Elsa was returned to the wild. The Bisanadi national reserve together with the North Kitui, Rahole National Reserve as well as Kora National Park forms a protective screen to the east and south and South of Meru. This has the benefit of offering to the wildlife increased movement freedom, and it also restricts individuals from settling in the area and human habitation and destruction of the environment would have serious impact to the wildlife.

This implies that Bisanadi national reserve and its neighbors are real pure and undeveloped sanctuaries. The area has poor roads and it becomes hard to access the area.

The accommodation is also not provided though one can secure accommodation in lodges and camps which are situated in the neighboring parks in Samburu, Shaba as well Isiolo town together wit the Leopard Rock Safari lodge and self service camp is only just across the border in the Meru National Park. This information indicates that Bisanadi national reserve is a true wilderness area and basically one will require a strong four wheel drive vehicle.

The Bisanadi national reserve can be assessed via the Meru National Park and there is an airstrip at Korbessa. If one organizes to visit Bisanadi national reserve then the wildlife sightings are likely to be tremendous and one can expect to view all of the Big Five, and it is among the best areas for seeing cheetah as well as leopard. A lot of elephants and buffalos will be seen especially during the rainy season since Bisanadi national reserve acts as dispersal area for wildlife from Meru.

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