Why You Should Visit Lake Nakuru National Park
Nakuru means dust or dusty place in Maasai language. Lake Nakuru national park which is located close to Nakuru town was established in 1961. Lake Nakuru national park started off small, only encompassing the famous lake and surrounding mountainous vicinity. Now it has been extended to include a large part of the savannahs. Lake nakuru national park varies from 5 to 30 sq km is a small alkaline lake on the edge of the town of Nakuru lies about 160 km north of Nairobi. Therefore, this park can be visited on a day tour from the capital Nairobi or more likely as part of a circuit taking in the Masai Mara, Mt. Kenya, and Samburu national parks.
Lake Nakuru national park is world famous as the location of the greatest bird spectacle on earth. Found here are myriads of fuschia pink flamingoes whose numbers is legion, often more than one million or two. The flamingoes faeed on the abundant algae which thrive in the warm waters of Lake Nakuru national park. It is reckoned that the flamingoes consume about 250,000 kilos of algae per hectare surface area per year. There are two types of flamingoes found in Lake Nauru national park: the lesser flamingo which can be distinguished by its deep red carmine bill and pink plumage, and the greater flamingo which has a bill with a black tip.
The lesser flamingoes are commonly pictured in documentaries because they are large in number. The population of flamingoes in Lake Nakuru national park is on a steady increase again. The numbers had reduced due to the El-Nino weather pattern which flooded the lake and changed the concentration of alkaline. Flamingoes are not the only avian attraction in Lake Nakuru national park, also unforgettable are the two fish eating birds, pelicans and cormorants. Despite the tepid and alkaline waters, a diminutive fish, tilapia grahami has flourished after being introduced in the lake. Lake Nakuru national park is richer in other bird life. There are more than 400 resident species of birds on the lake and in the surrounding park.
Thousands of both little grebes and white winged black terns are frequently seen as are stilts, ducks, avocets, and in the European winter the migrant waders are also seen. Lions and leopards can be sighted in Lake Nakuru national park. Prides of lions can be seen relaxing by the road side or on a tree trunk after a heavy meal of zebra or buffalo. Other predators which can be spotted in the park are the spotted hyena and the jackal. Lake Nakuru national park is home to the largest populations of rhinos in Kenya. Thanks to the wildlife authorities’ concentrated efforts to encourage breeding among the world’s most endangered mammal, there are now about 50 black and 50 white rhinos in the park. In Lake Nakuru national park, there are plenty of opportunities to see the giant herbivores and to even take pictures of the rare mammals with the flamingoes-crammed lake Nauru acting as a picturesque backdrop.
The baboon cliff is a vantage point for taking in sweeping views of the lake. This park is the only park in Kenya which is home to the severely endangered Rothschild giraffe. Lake Nakuru national park is the great place for the Rothschild giraffe to live in because the park is home to thousands or even millions of the yellow-bark acacia trees which are favorite food for the giraffes. Other animals which reside in this park include: buffalo, bushbuck, waterbuck, reedbuck, impala, zebra, rock hyrax, vervet monkey and baboon. Even though styled as camps, sarova lion hill lodge and Lake Nakuru lodge provide excellent private en suite rooms with generous verandahs. Because of its role in reversing the fortunes of the rhino and the Rothschild giraffe, Lake Nakuru national park is a small Kenya national park with a big heart and worth visiting.